14.Gonbad-e Qābus (2012)
Visible from great distances in the surrounding lowlands near the ancient Ziyarid capital, Jorjan, the 53-metre high Gonbad-e Qabus tower dominates the town laid out around its base in the early 20th century. The tower's hollow cylindrical shaft of unglazed fired brick tapers up mion an intricate geometric plan in the form of a ten-pointed star to a conical roof. Two encircling Kufic inscriptions commemorate Qabus Ibn Voshmgir, Ziyarid ruler and literati as its founder in 1006 AD.
The over is an outstanding example of early Islamic innovative structural design based on geometric formulae, which achieved great height in load-bearing brickwork. Its conical roofed form became a prototype for tomb towers and other commemorative towers in the region representing an architectural cultural exchange between the Central
Asian nomads and ancient Iranian civilization.
Justification for Inscription:
Criterion (i): Gonbad-e Qabus is a masterpiece and Outstanding achievement in early Islamic brick architecture due to the structural and aesthetic qualities of its specific geometry.
Criterion (ii): The conically roofed form of Gonbad-e Qabus is significant as a prototype for the development of tomb towers in Iran, Anatolia and Central Asia, representing architectural cultural exchange between the Central Asian nomads and ancient Iranian civilization.
Criterion (iii): Gonbad-e Qābus is exceptional evidence of the power and quality of the Ziyarid civilization, which dominated a major part of the region during the 10th and 11th centuries. Having been built for an emir who was also a writer, it marked the beginning of a regional cultural tradition of monumental tomb building including for the literati
Criterion (iv): The monument is an outstanding example of an Islamic commemorative tower whose innovative structural design illustrates the exceptional development of mathematics and science in the Muslim world at the turn of the first millennium AD.
The monument retains its form and design, materials, visual dominance in the landscape, and continues as a holy place visited by local people and foreigners, and as a focus for traditional events.