Brief History of Iran
Recent archaeological studies indicate that as early as 10,000 BC, people lived on the southern shores of the Caspian, one of the few regions of the world which according to scientists escaped the Ice Age. They were probably the first men in the history of mankind to engage in agriculture and animal husbandry.
The first country known as Iran was founded by Achaemenians, by unifying different tribes living there. Though the history of Iran is long and complex, its shape is determined by the rise and fall of successive dynasties - with intervals of chaos and confusion. The Persian Empire (founded by Cyrus the Great in 6th BC), the Macedonians, Parthians, the Sassanids, the Arabs, the Seljuks and Mongols, the Timurids and the Safavids, all held sway here at one time or another.